State Central Theatre Museum named after A. A. Bakhrushin
31/12 Bakhrushina str., Moscow, 115054
Unique theater museum, one of the first in the worldThe museum was founded in 1894, and today its collections contain more than one and a half million exhibits. These are stage costumes of famous theater actors, playbills, personal belongings of artists, rare books, sketches, paintings and much more. In this museum you can learn all about the history of the theater.
Getting to know the museum is best to start with the office of its founder – Alexey Bakhrushin, which is recreated from photographs and drawings. In the study – furniture and authentic exhibits from the collections of the patron.
The exhibition includes paintings by Kiprensky, Bryullov, Repin and other famous Russian artists, photographs, cartoons, posters, ballet shoes, theater binoculars, personal belongings of actors, and many autographed photos of famous artists.
The museum contains many rarities related to the history of musical and drama theater of the late XIX-early XX centuries, for example, figurines of Parsley and Gypsy. It was with them that the theatrical history of Russia began.
The largest collection of the museum consists of programs and posters. The collection of photos is amazing. On them – theater buildings, scenes from performances and portraits of legendary artists and other artists - Maria Ermolova, Sarah Bernhardt, Fyodor Chaliapin, Matilda Kshesinskaya, Vaclav Nezhinsky, Vasily Kachalov, Andrey Mironov, Galina Ulanova, Maya Plisetskaya, Innokenty Smoktunovsky and many others.
It is worth mentioning about a unique exhibit that is stored in the archive department: an album with autographs of cultural figures. Alexey Alexandrovich started it as soon as he began to have the first guests who were interested in the collection. the album contains about two hundred records, and almost anyone can find a name known to him among those who have recorded. among them, for example, opera singer fyodor chaliapin, poets konstantin balmont and valery bryusov, actresses alexandra yablochkina and maria ermolova.
the museum was founded by the famous moscow industrialist and philanthropist alexey alexandrovich bakhrushin. he loved theater and art and spent his whole life collecting everything connected with them, sparing no expense. on october 29, 1894, he showed his collection of theatrical rarities to guests for the first time. then the collection was kept in the parents ' mansion in kozhevniki. when the house was built on luzhnetskaya street (now this street bears the name of the founder of the museum), alexey alexandrovich discussed in advance with the architect karl gippius that the ground floor will be fully equipped for the museum. In 1898, the collection moved to a new house.
The number of rarities increased, and soon the collection had to be placed on the second floor. And then Bakhrushin decided to transfer it to the state. The solemn act of transferring the collection to the Russian Imperial Academy of Sciences took place on November 25, 1913. and six years later, after the revolution, the museum became part of the narkompros institutions.
alexey bakhrushin died in 1929. Since then, the museum has continued to develop and increase the collection on its own. today, the main building and nine branches of the museum are located in moscow. these are memorial houses, four apartment museums, a workshop museum and a studio museum. the museum also has branches in ulyanovsk and zaraysk.
The building, which now houses the museum, was planned by the famous architect Karl Karlovich Gippius. in moscow circles, it was called "versailles on the hook", so it was unusual for its time.
Alexey Bakhrushin did not plan to leave Russia after the Revolution – he was too attached to his collection, which became his life's work. At first, the Bolsheviks condemned the museum for its "capitalist nature", but still decided not to close it. Moreover, Bakhrushin was appointed its director. Lunacharsky's order to appoint Bakhrushin as director of the theater museum is displayed among the exhibits.
Among the exhibits of the museum you can see a rare collection of spotting tubes and theatrical accessories. for example, bottles with a special smelling salt, which was used to cause tears of sympathy for stage characters.