Memorial Museum-estate of academician I. P. Pavlov
Pavlova str. 25, Ryazan
Phones: +7 (4912) 25-40-72
Web site: http://www.pavlovmuseum.ru/
The main point: To visit the house of the first Russian Nobel prize winner.The memorial Museum-estate of academician Ivan Pavlov is called the "House of science". You can really learn a lot about the research and discoveries of the great scientist in this house. But many tourists love this Museum not for this. Everyone pays attention to the comfort and unusual warmth of the Museum's atmosphere. Real enthusiasts are engaged in it. In summer, visitors can take a walk in the garden, which is still kept in order.
The Museum has six rooms that tell in an accessible form, both about Pavlov's discoveries and about him. In addition to the Museum, the estate complex itself is also interesting. It includes two houses, a summer gazebo, outbuildings, a Russian bathhouse, a well, a gorodoshnaya (as a child, the future Nobel laureate most liked to play "gorodki") and a croquet court.
The Museum Fund has more than 16 thousand items of storage. These are photographs and negatives, letters of the scientist and his family, paintings and graphic works, images of I. P. Pavlov in painting and sculpture, a huge book collection, and video materials. All the collections began to take shape several decades ago, at the time of the founding of the Museum. More than 2000 exhibits are placed in the Museum halls: personal belongings of the scientist, documents, photographs, first editions of his works. Visitors can also see the unique works of sculptors Konenkov, Andreev, Manizer, Ginzburg, who captured the image of the physiologist Ivan Pavlov.
In the very center of Ryazan, on Pavlova street, there is a cozy wooden house built in the middle of the XIX century. This house is known for the fact that Russian scientist, classic of natural science, and first Russian Nobel prize winner Ivan Pavlov grew up in it. All his life he studied physiology and called it "the science of exultant life". Thanks to him, a number of discoveries were made in the field of blood circulation, digestion and higher nervous activity.
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov was born in September 1849 in the city of Ryazan. His paternal and maternal ancestors were clergymen in the Russian Orthodox Church, and he followed in their footsteps by entering the Ryazan theological Seminary. But in the last year of Seminary, he read a small book "Reflexes of the brain" by Professor I. M. Sechenov, which turned his life around and forever connected it with science.
During the great Patriotic war (World war II), on June 2, 1944, an Order was signed by the Council of People's Commissars to establish a Museum in the scientist's homeland, Ryazan. So the house where Pavlov spent his childhood and youth became a Museum. This happened on March 6, 1946. Thanks to the excellent work of enthusiasts, the Museum turned out to be truly alive, it recreates the way of life of the scientist as much as possible.
In 1968, the second manor house, built at the end of the XIX century by the scientist's father, also became available to the Museum. Six years later, in 1974, on the 125th anniversary of Ivan Petrovich Pavlov birth, a scientific exhibition was solemnly presented, which tells about the scientist's discoveries in the field of physiology of digestion, blood circulation and higher nervous activity. Since then, the Museum has been called The "House of science".
The Museum has its own anthem. Poems for him were written in collaboration with the Ryazan poet Valentina Lipina and dedicated to the permanent Director of the Museum I. P. Pavlov – Zagrina Natalia Alexandrovna.
One of the most impressive exhibits of the Museum is a small dog with a rubber tube sticking out of its stomach inside. It refers us to one of Pavlov's most extensive studies. By the way, almost all the experimental dogs that received gastric juice from remained alive and well, and Pavlov himself knew the name of each one.
The Museum holds Pavlov's personal Nobel diploma. They say that during the revolution, the honorary diploma of the scientist was taken away, as well as a huge monetary prize received from the Nobel Committee.