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Bulgarian Historical and Architectural Museum-Reserve

Bulgarian Historical and Architectural Museum-Reserve is the most northerly in the world a monument of medieval Islamic architecture, the unique and the only example of the Bulgarian-Tatar
architecture of the mid XIII-XIV centuries .. It has no analogues in the world as a valuable historical monument, testifying about the missing states (Volga Bulgaria, The Golden Horde), a vanished
culture, way of life and how to make a significant impact during the X-XV centuries. on the development of culture and architecture.

The territory of the Bulgarian historical and architectural complex is:

* Archaeological evidence of the past, which demonstrates the human presence from the middle of I millennium BC, an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural and landscape ensemble
illustrative of several significant periods in the history of mankind, an example of arrangement of people and settlement of the territory;

* Location of the official adoption of Islam by Volga Bulgars - the ancestors of the Kazan Tatars in 922;

* Place of religious worship, the Muslim pilgrimage to their holy places from the XVI century .;

* Location of a place in the XIII century. first capital Golden Horde (Batu Khan rate and Ulusa Juchi) and minting of coins at the first zolotoordynskih Berke 1250-ies .;

* Place associated with the presence of eminent personalities here: at the beginning of the XIII century. Bulgarian-Tatar poet Kul Gali, in the first half of the XIII century. Batu Khan, in the XVIII century. Emperor Peter I, Empress Catherine II, Russian poet Derzhavin, academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences PS Pallas, in the XIX century. Russian poet Alexander Pushkin, scientist-orientalist I.N.Berezina, Tatar religious and public figure Sh.Mardzhani brothers artists NG and GG Chernetsova II Shishkin, AK Savrasov, in the XX century. Tatar poet G. Tukai and many others;

* One of the first places in the Russian Empire, associated with the attention to the problems of conservation and restoration of monuments at the state level.

The cultural landscape is maintained unchanged for a millennium. Jerusalem ravine exists from pre-Mongol period. Bulgarian settlement preserves to date its border fortifications in the form of a shaft and a moat. The boundaries of the village, founded in the XVIII century., Remain unchanged to this day. In 2014, the facility was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List at the 38th session of the World Heritage Committee. Bulgarian historical and archeological complex became the 1002nd object list.


Republic of Tatarstan