Voronezh Regional Art Museum. I. Kramskoy
Voronezh, Revolution Avenue, 18
Phones: +7 (473) 255-38-67
Web site: http://mkram.ru/
Voronezh Regional Art Museum. I. Kramskoy is one of the largest cultural centers of Voronezh and the entire Chernozem region.
The Museum presents the oldest collection of Ancient Egyptian works in Russia, as well as a unique collection of antiquity, Russian and Western European paintings of the XVIII-XX centuries, graphics, sculptures.
The oldest in the Museum's collection are the collections of ancient Egyptian monuments and ancient art. The exhibition includes household items of various dynastic periods of the XXI-IV centuries BC the History of ancient Greek painted vases, represented in products of ceramics from the early stages of the geometric style of the IX-VIII centuries BC and characteristic perfection of the precise proportions of the black-lacquered vessels to works of the VI-IV centuries BC, decorated in the technique of black-figure and red-figure painting.
The collection of Russian fine art quite fully characterizes the various periods of its formation. Painting of the XVIII-I half of the XIX centuries is represented by the works of major portraitists: A. p. Antropov, N. I. Argunov, K. P. Bryullov, V. A. Tropinin. Portrait and genre II half of the XIX century, represented by works of N. N. GE, I. N. Kramskoy, V. E. Makovsky, A. E. Karneev Myasoedova, T. G.; landscape – poeticized images of Russian nature, Levitan, V. D. Polenov, A. K. Savrasov. A number of works allows us to compare the work of painters A. A. Buchkuri, E. A. Kiseleva, P. D. Shmarova – students of I. E. Repin, who received initial artistic skills in Voronezh.
Many unique exhibits are also in the exhibition of Western European painting. The collection introduces the works of masters of the XV-XIX centuries of the main painting schools: Italy, the Netherlands, France, Holland, France, Germany.
Currently, the Museum Fund has more than 22 thousand items of storage in the sections of painting, sculpture, graphics, decorative and applied arts.
It was created in 1933 as a Museum of Fine Arts on the basis of combining art collections of the former Provincial Museum and the Museum of Antiquities and Fine Arts of the VSU.
Since 1947 the museum is located in a building built in 1777-1779 in the Baroque style, designed by the provincial architect NN Ievsky (1740-1779) and a monument of history and culture of federal importance. It was built by the order of the Voronezh governor, Lieutenant-General Ivan Potapov, on Bolshaya Dvoryanska Street (Sovremennaya Revolyutsii Prospekt). After Potapov’s death, his widow, Elena Antonovna, who moved to her estate Semidubravnoe Zemlyanskogo Uezd, sold the building to Major General Sandberg, who in turn in 1803 sold the house of the Voronezh commission.
Initially, the building was surrounded by an arcade and one-storey stone services, which formed a vast courtyard, beyond which the park was broken. Throughout the 19th century, the Voronezh Palace was repeatedly repaired, but the main appearance of the building remained unchanged. In 1911 the building passed to the Voronezh Provincial Museum, which after 1917 was called the Museum of Local History.
After the Great Patriotic War, it housed the Museum of Fine Arts, which returned from the evacuation. During the war the building suffered from a fire and was restored in 1952-1953 under the supervision of the architect GV Zchedchechsky. The historical internal planning structure of the building has survived to the present day. In 1984, the exhibition hall was added to the rear of the northern part of the building.