Literary Museum of the State Museum of A. M. Gorky
Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
Nizhny Novgorod, Minina str., 26
learn about the life and work of the famous writer Maxim Gorky, as well as about the cultural life of Nizhny Novgorod at the turn of the XIX-XX centuries; admire the beautiful old mansion
The Literary Museum is dedicated not only to the work of the great writer. much attention is paid to his biography, the life of his native city of nizhny novgorod, as well as the russian culture of the turn of the late xix-early xx centuries.
The richest funds of the museum have more than one hundred thousand exhibits. these are photos, documents, and objects that characterize the culture of a provincial city, which was actively bustling with life.
the museum presents the following expositions: "a. m. gorky-the artist and the revolution", "journalism and public activity of a. m. gorky in the 1920s-30s", "a. m. gorky's novel " the life of klim samgin". Every year, the museum's collections are replenished with new materials.
The Literary Museum in Nizhny Novgorod is dedicated to the work of the outstanding Russian-Soviet writer Maxim Gorky. His real name is Alexey Maksimovich Peshkov, but readers often call him Alexey Maksimovich Gorky, combining his real name and patronymic with a literary pseudonym. The institution is part of the State Museum of A.M. Gorky.
The building in which the Literary Museum is located is located in the historical part of the city, and it will certainly interest lovers of ancient architecture. The house was built in 1885 (data on the author of the project has not been preserved). This is a typical example of a grand house of the late nineteenth century-a period of eclecticism in architecture. The mansion admires the sophistication and intricacy of the decoration of facades and interiors. It is no coincidence that the building is recognized as an object of cultural heritage of the peoples of the Russian Federation.
Before the revolution, the mistress of the house was Varvara Burmistrova, the wife of a well-known merchant in the city. In 1918, the house of Burmistrova became state property, and a historical and art museum was organized in it. For a time, it also housed an orphanage and several schools. And in 1934, the building was transferred to the Literary Museum named after A.M. Gorky.
During the great Patriotic war the Museum was evacuated in the Tonshayevsky district of the Nizhny Novgorod region. Some employees and the director of the museum left to fight. At the time of the evacuation, a hospital was operating in Burmistrova's former home. In 1943, the expositions were returned to Nizhny Novgorod, but they were temporarily located in the building of the local history Museum on the Embankment named after A. A. Zhdanov. only in 1948, the exhibits found their former place, and the museum opened to visitors.
The Literary Museum regularly hosts exhibitions dedicated to significant cultural dates, as well as displays of contemporary artists and collections of other museums. It hosts international scientific conferences, symposia, Gorky readings, seminars on the problems of literary and museum studies.
Dozens of excursion programs have been prepared for the guests, designed for visitors of different categories – pensioners, schoolchildren, students, and so on.
Specialists of the museum preserve, exhibit and study not only the literary heritage of Gorky, but also the creative works of other prominent citizens – writers and cultural figures.
One of the unique exhibits of the museum is the Bechstein grand piano, which Maxim Gorky bought in 1916. On October 20, 1920, this instrument (at that time it stood in the apartment of Gorky's wife Ekaterina Peshkova) was played for the leader of the revolution Vladimir Lenin and for Maxim Gorky by an outstanding musician, Nizhny Novgorod resident Isai Dobroveyn. This is a very famous episode, which was later described by Gorky in the essay "V. I. Lenin", and also reflected in the film by Yuri Vyshinsky "Appassionata", where the role of Gorky's wife was played by her own granddaughter Daria Peshkova.